Leave entitlements

There are several types of leave options available to help you balance work and treatment. The National Employment Standards outline the rules for several types of paid and unpaid leave, which apply under most awards or enterprise agreements in Australia. For more details about the different types of leave, see below.

Entitlements offered under awards or agreements may be different from those provided by the National Employment Standards but can’t be less. You should check the terms of your agreement. Learn some ways to manage your leave.

Leave options include:

Personal/carer’s leave

  • Can be taken when you are unwell or injured, or if you need to care for an immediate family or household member. It used to be called sick leave. 
  • Permanent full-time employees receive a minimum of 10 days of paid personal leave each year. 
  • Part-time employees receive a pro rata (proportional) amount of personal leave days based on the number of hours they work. 
  • Paid personal leave is an entitlement for all employees except casuals. 
  • This type of leave is paid at the employee’s base rate of pay. 
  • An employer can ask you to provide proof that you need to take personal leave (e.g. a medical certificate). 
  • Unused leave days carry over from year to year (accumulate or accrue). 
  • Employees can take as much leave as they have accumulated. 
  • This type of leave is not paid out when you leave your employer.

Annual leave

  • Also known as holiday pay. 
  • Paid annual leave is an entitlement for all employees except casuals. Full‑time employees receive a minimum of four weeks of paid annual leave for each year of service with their employer. Part-time staff receive leave on a pro rata (proportional) basis. 
  • Annual leave is paid at the employee’s base rate of pay. Under some awards or agreements, employees are paid an increased rate (leave loading). 
  • Unused annual leave accumulates over time. Your employer can direct you to take annual leave, but the request must be reasonable. 
  • Annual leave continues to accumulate when an employee takes a period of paid leave. Leave doesn’t accumulate during periods of unpaid leave. 
  • An employee must apply for annual leave before taking it. 
  • An employer must approve annual leave unless they have reasonable grounds to refuse it. 
  • If you leave your employer, any unused annual leave will be paid out.

Long service leave

  • A period of paid leave after you’ve worked continuously for the same employer for an extended period of time. This leave may apply after 7–10 years. 
  • If you have worked for the same employer for an extended period of time and resign due to illness, you may be entitled to a pro rata long service leave payment. This may apply after 5–7 years. 
  • The amount of leave and the lengths of service required are different depending on which state or territory you live in. 
  • Long service leave is paid at the employee’s ordinary rate of pay. In some cases, you may be able to take a longer period of leave at half-pay. 
  • Once you are entitled to take long service leave, any unused leave is usually paid out when you leave your employer.
  • Periods of unpaid leave do not count towards continuous service for the accrual of long service leave.

Unpaid leave

  • If you have used all your paid personal leave or if you are a casual employee, your employer might grant you leave from work without pay. This is not an entitlement – it is up to your employer to allow it. 
  • You may have to use your annual leave before your employer allows you to take leave without pay. 
  • Personal leave and annual leave do not usually accumulate when you are on unpaid leave. 
  • All employees are entitled to two days of unpaid carer’s leave. This leave can be taken each time a member of an employee’s immediate family or household needs care and support because of illness, injury or an emergency. Full-time and part-time employees must have used all their paid personal leave before they can take unpaid carer’s leave.
For more information about entitlements under the National Employment Standards (NES), see fairwork.gov.au or check your award or agreement.

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Instructions for downloading and reading EPUB files

Apple devices

The iBooks application must be installed on your Apple device before you can read the EPUB.
Different ways to download an EPUB file to your Apple device:

  • email EPUB files to yourself and transfer the attachment to iBooks.
  • copy EPUB files into DropBox (or a similar service) and use the DropBox app to send them to iBooks.
  • open EPUB files directly from Mobile Safari and open them in iBooks, where they are saved automatically by downloading the EPUB from the website.

Need more help? Visit: http://support.apple.com/kb/HT4059


To download an EPUB file to your Kobo from a Windows computer:

  • download and save the EPUB directly onto your desktop.
  • connect your Kobo to your computer using the USB cable and tap “Connect” on your eReader.
  • select “Open folder to view files” to view the contents of your Kobo.
  • navigate to where you have stored your EPUB file in “Finder”, in documents or downloads, and drag and drop it into the Kobo window. You can now disconnect your Kobo to read the eBook.

To download an EPUB to your Kobo from a Mac:

  • download and save the EPUB directly onto your desktop.
  • connect your Kobo to your computer using the USB cable and tap “Connect” on your eReader.
  • open your “Finder” application.
  • select “Kobo eReader” from the listed devices to view the contents of your Kobo.
  • navigate to where you have stored your EPUB file in “Finder”, probably in documents or downloads, and drag and drop it into the Kobo window. You can now disconnect your Kobo to read the eBook.

Turn on your Kobo and your EPUB will be located in “eBooks”, while a PDF will be located in “Documents”.
Need more information? Visit: http://www.kobo.com/help/koboaura/response/?id=3784&type=3

Sony Reader

To download an EPUB file on your Sony Reader™:

  • ensure you have already installed the Reader™ Library for PC/Mac software
  • select the eBook you want from our website and click the link to download it.
  • connect the Reader™ to your computer.
  • open the Reader™ Library software and click “Library” in the left-hand pane and select the eBook to view it.

Need more help? Visit: https://au.readerstore.sony.com/apps_and_devices/

Amazon Kindle 2nd Generation devices

EPUB files can’t be read on the Amazon Kindle™. However, like most eReaders, Kindle™ 2nd Generation devices are able to display PDFs. We recommend that you download the PDF version of this booklet if you would like to read it on a Kindle™.
To transfer a PDF to your Kindle™ via USB cable from your computer or Mac:

  • download the PDF directly onto your computer.
  • connect the USB cable to your computer’s USB port, and the micro USB end of the cable to your Kindle™. Note: the Kindle™ won’t be available as a reading device while it is connected to your computer until it has been disconnected.
  • open the Kindle™ drive and several folders will appear inside. The “Documents” folder is where you will need to copy or drag the PDF to.
  • safely eject your Kindle™ from your computer and unplug the USB cable. Your content will appear on the Home Screen.

Kindle also provides a Kindle Personal Documents Service that allows users to send documents as an attachment directly to your eReader. For more information on this service, visit http://www.amazon.com/gp/help/customer/display.html/ref=help_search_1-1?ie=UTF8&nodeId=200767340&qid=1395967989&sr=1-1
For more information on accessing a PDF on your Kindle™, visit www.amazon.com/manageyourkindle, log in to your account and click on Personal Document Settings.
Need more help? Visit https://www.amazon.com/gp/help/customer/display.html?nodeId=200375630

Android and PC

You can also download and open eBooks on Android devices and PCs with appropriate apps or software installed. Suitable eReader apps for Android include Google Play Books, FBReader and Moon+ Reader. Suitable software for PCs include Calibre and Adobe Digital Editions.

This information was last reviewed in November 2019
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