Watchful waiting is another method of monitoring prostate cancer. This involves regular PSA tests and clinic check-ups. The monitoring process is less strict than for active surveillance and further biopsies are not usually required.
Watchful waiting may be suitable for older men where the cancer is unlikely to cause a problem in their lifetime. Some men choose watchful waiting instead of immediate cancer treatment if the cancer is already advanced. It can also be an option for men with other health problems where treatments such as surgery or radiotherapy may not be appropriate.
Cancer treatment can be considered if the cancer spreads and/or causes symptoms. The aim of treatment is to treat symptoms that may be causing problems rather than cure the prostate cancer.