If you’re affected by kidney cancer, you may have many questions about how it is diagnosed, treatment options, side effects and how to stay well. You can find trustworthy information about all aspects of your experience below.
Kidney cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the kidney. About 9 out of 10 kidney cancers are renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
Find out about the tests for kidney cancer, how it is diagnosed and staged, and who will provide your care.
The main treatment for early kidney cancer is surgery. Active surveillance, thermal ablation, cryotherapy and stereotactic body radiation therapy may also be used.
The goal of treatment for advanced kidney cancer is to slow the spread of the cancer and manage symptoms. Treatment options may include active surveillance, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery.
Learn about follow-up care, what happens if the cancer returns, and how to look after your physical and mental health.
- What type of kidney cancer do I have?
- Has the cancer spread? If so, where has it spread? How fast is it growing?
- Are the latest tests and treatments for this cancer available in this hospital?
- Will a multidisciplinary team be involved in my care?
- Are there clinical guidelines for this type of cancer?
- What treatment do you recommend? What is the aim of the treatment?
- Are there other treatment choices for me? If not, why not?
- If I don’t have the treatment, what should I expect?
- How long do I have to make a decision?
- I’m thinking of getting a second opinion. Can you recommend anyone?
- How long will treatment take? Will I have to stay in hospital?
- Are there any out-of-pocket expenses not covered by Medicare or my private health cover? Can the cost be reduced if I can’t afford it?
- How will we know if the treatment is working?
- Are there any clinical trials or research studies I could join?
- What are the risks and possible side effects of each treatment?
- Will I have a lot of pain? What will be done about this?
- Can I work, drive and do my normal activities while having treatment?
- Will the treatment affect my sex life and fertility?
- Should I change my diet or physical activity during or after treatment?
- Are there any complementary therapies that might help me?
- How often will I need check-ups after treatment?
- Who should I go to for my check-up appointments?
- If the cancer returns, how will I know? What treatments could I have?