Myeloma is diagnosed when blood and urine tests find a paraprotein or free light chains, and bone marrow tests show an increased number of plasma cells. Blood tests, x-rays and other imaging scans are used to check for damage to bones and body organs, such as your kidneys, caused by myeloma.
The test results help your doctor work out the type of myeloma you have and the best treatment for you.
Many people feel shocked and upset when told they have myeloma. If you need support, call Cancer Council 13 11 20.
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Video: Cancer and common diagnostic tests
Prof John Gibson, Haematologist, Institute of Haematology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital and The University of Sydney, NSW; Dr Stephanie Anderson, Registrar, Institute of Haematology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, NSW; Tanya Carney, Consumer; Jacqui Keogh, NSW State Manager/Senior Myeloma Nurse NSW, Myeloma Australia; Dr Silvia Ling, Haematologist, Liverpool Hospital, NSW; Rachel McCann, Myeloma Support Nurse NSW, Myeloma Australia; John McMath, Consumer; Karen Robinson, 13 11 20 Consultant, Cancer Council NSW.
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