Women who have had surgery affecting their vulva have different feelings about looking at changes to their genital area. If you decide to look at your vulva, it is natural to feel shocked by any changes. If the labia have been removed, you will be able to see the opening to the vagina more clearly. If scar tissue has formed around the outside of the vagina, the entrance to the vagina will be narrower. If the clitoris has been removed, there will now be an area of flat skin without the usual folds of the vulva.
Radiation therapy may make your skin dry, itchy and tender in the treatment area. Your skin may temporarily look red, tanned or sunburnt, and then peel or blister. These skin reactions can be painful and may worsen in the two weeks after treatment finishes, but will gradually get better after that.
Tips for managing changes to the vulva
- After vulvar surgery, some women don’t want to look at the area or prefer to do it alone or with a partner or close friend. Others want a nurse to be with them.
- After radiation therapy, use lukewarm water to wash your genital area and gently pat it dry with a towel. Avoid using any perfumed products or talcum powder on the area.
- Talk to your treatment team about creams to soothe and protect the skin, and also about pain relief if necessary.
Prof Jonathan Carter, Director, Gynaecological Oncology, Chris O’Brien Lifehouse, and Professor of Gynaecological Oncology, The University of Sydney, NSW; Ellen Barlow, Clinical Nurse Consultant, Gynaecological Cancer Centre, The Royal Hospital for Women, NSW; Dr Dani Bullen, Clinical Psychologist, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, VIC; Wendy Cram, Consumer; Dr Tiffany Daly, Senior Radiation Oncologist, Radiation Oncology Princess Alexandra Raymond Terrace (ROPART), South Brisbane, QLD; Kim Hobbs, Clinical Specialist Social Worker, Westmead Centre for Gynaecological Cancer, Westmead Hospital, NSW; Anya Traill, Head of Occupational Therapy and Physiotherapy, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, VIC. We also thank the health professionals, consumers and editorial teams who have worked on previous editions of this title.
View the Cancer Council NSW editorial policy.
Click below to download a PDF booklet on this topic.