Other movement techniques

While studies with cancer patients are limited, these forms of practitioner-led movement exercise are generally considered to be beneficial for improving breathing, strength, flexibility, mobility, fitness and general wellbeing.

Alexander technique

Although not a type of exercise, this therapy teaches people ways to improve posture and movement, and use muscles efficiently. By changing the way people use their body, they can enhance their mental and physical functioning on many levels.

Bowen technique

A practitioner applies gentle pressure over acupuncture and reflex points to massage the muscles and soft tissue and tendons.

A Bowen session lasts up to an hour and the average number of treatments is 3–4.


This series of guided movements focuses on balance and flexibility. It helps people become more aware of the way they move and how this contributes to, or compensates for, bad posture, pain and mobility restrictions.

Trained practitioners use touch, movement, guided imagery and mindful body awareness to stimulate the brain to make improvements to movement and posture.


This system of strengthening and stretching exercises is designed to develop the body’s core (abdominals, lower back and hips). It encourages the mind to be aware of its control over the muscles and to correct postural habits that have contributed to pain, reduced mobility and poor coordination. Pilates started as a form of physical therapy.

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This information was last reviewed in May 2018
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