Tobacco smoking is the biggest risk factor for preventable cancer and around 1 in 8 cancer cases1 and 1 in 5 cancer deaths2 are caused by smoking. In 2007 approximately 5,301 deaths in NSW could be attributed to smoking3 and in 2010-11 there were over 45,000 smoking related hospitalisations.4
Lung cancer is the most common cancer caused by smoking. Lung cancer accounts for almost 9.6% of all new cancer and over 20.3% of all cancer deaths in NSW.5
Learn about what causes cancer and how to prevent it at Hope: turning the page on cancer.
1 Pandeya. N. et. al. (2015) Cancers in Australia in 2010 attributable to tobacco smoke. Aust. N Z L Pubic Health. Oct; 39(5): 464-70. Available at:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26437733
2. AIHW. Available at: http://www.aihw.gov.au/workArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=60129542353
3. Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health. Smoking attributable deaths, NSW 1997 to 2013. Available at: http://www.healthstats.nsw.gov/Indicator/beh_smoafdth/beh_smoafdth?&topic=Smoking&topic1=topic_smoking&code=smo
4. Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health. Smoking attributable hospitalisations by sex, NSW 1998-99 to 2011-12. Available at: http://www.healthstats.nsw.gov.au/Indicator/beh_smoafhos
5. Tracey E, Kerr T, Dobrovic A, Currow D. Cancer in NSW: incidence and mortality report, 2008. Sydney: Cancer Institute NSW, August 2010. Available at: http://www.cancerinstitute.org.au/media/451409/Cancer-Incidence-and-Mortality-Report-2010.pdf