Cancer treatments

Cancer is treated in different ways. This information will help you understand the different types of treatments people may seek out.

Conventional

What it is also called: Medical, proven, orthodox, standard, mainstream

How it is used: Used alone or in combination. The treatment you have depends on the type, stage and location of the cancer, your age and general health

How it works: Slows or stops the growth and spread of cancer and provides relief from symptomsConventional treatments

Examples:

  • surgery
  • radiotherapy
  • chemotherapy
  • hormone therapy
  • immunotherapy

Evidence: Based on scientific evidence and successful clinical trial

Complementary

What it is also called: Complementary medicine, holistic therapies, natural therapies, traditional therapies or traditional medicine

How it is used: Used together with conventional treatments

How it works: Focus on the whole person not just the cancer. May help people cope better with symptoms of cancer and side effects caused by conventional treatments

Examples:

  • acupuncture
  • aromatherapy
  • art therapy
  • massage
  • meditation
  • support groups
  • yoga

Evidence: Some used for hundreds or thousands of years but little or no scientific evidence

Alternative therapies

What it is also called: Unproven or unconventional treatments

How it is used: Used in place of conventional treatments. May be promoted as a cancer cure

How it works: Not known. Using alternative therapies in place of conventional treatment could delay or stop the cancer being treated

Examples:

  • microwave therapy
  • ozone therapy
  • magnet therapy
  • coffee enemas
  • Gerson diet
  • high-dose vitamin supplements
  • laetrile
  • shark cartilage

Evidence: Many have not been scientifically tested, so there is no proof that they work; others have been disproven in studies. Side effects are not always known

What is the evidence?

Conventional cancer treatments have been through a range of tests to prove their safety and effectiveness. New treatments are first tested in laboratories and then on large groups of people in what is called a clinical trial.

The strongest evidence comes from clinical trials that involve two groups of people.

  • One group is given the new treatment.
  • The other group is given the existing standard treatment.
  • The two groups are compared.
  • Results are published in medical journals whose articles are evaluated by independent experts (peer- reviewed). If the new treatment works better than existing options, it becomes the standard treatment.

Although some complementary therapies have little, or no, scientific evidence to support their use for cancer, they have been used for hundreds or thousands of years for various ailments and conditions. Their effectiveness has been based on trial and error, and this knowledge has been passed down by word of mouth.

With the increasing use of complementary therapies, many therapies are now being tested scientifically to see how well they actually work, and why they are effective.

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Instructions for downloading and reading EPUB files

Apple devices

The iBooks application must be installed on your Apple device before you can read the EPUB.
Different ways to download an EPUB file to your Apple device:

  • email EPUB files to yourself and transfer the attachment to iBooks.
  • copy EPUB files into DropBox (or a similar service) and use the DropBox app to send them to iBooks.
  • open EPUB files directly from Mobile Safari and open them in iBooks, where they are saved automatically by downloading the EPUB from the website.

Need more help? Visit: http://support.apple.com/kb/HT4059

Kobo

To download an EPUB file to your Kobo from a Windows computer:

  • download and save the EPUB directly onto your desktop.
  • connect your Kobo to your computer using the USB cable and tap “Connect” on your eReader.
  • select “Open folder to view files” to view the contents of your Kobo.
  • navigate to where you have stored your EPUB file in “Finder”, in documents or downloads, and drag and drop it into the Kobo window. You can now disconnect your Kobo to read the eBook.

To download an EPUB to your Kobo from a Mac:

  • download and save the EPUB directly onto your desktop.
  • connect your Kobo to your computer using the USB cable and tap “Connect” on your eReader.
  • open your “Finder” application.
  • select “Kobo eReader” from the listed devices to view the contents of your Kobo.
  • navigate to where you have stored your EPUB file in “Finder”, probably in documents or downloads, and drag and drop it into the Kobo window. You can now disconnect your Kobo to read the eBook.

Turn on your Kobo and your EPUB will be located in “eBooks”, while a PDF will be located in “Documents”.
Need more information? Visit: http://www.kobo.com/help/koboaura/response/?id=3784&type=3

Sony Reader

To download an EPUB file on your Sony Reader™:

  • ensure you have already installed the Reader™ Library for PC/Mac software
  • select the eBook you want from our website and click the link to download it.
  • connect the Reader™ to your computer.
  • open the Reader™ Library software and click “Library” in the left-hand pane and select the eBook to view it.

Need more help? Visit: https://au.readerstore.sony.com/apps_and_devices/

Amazon Kindle 2nd Generation devices

EPUB files can’t be read on the Amazon Kindle™. However, like most eReaders, Kindle™ 2nd Generation devices are able to display PDFs. We recommend that you download the PDF version of this booklet if you would like to read it on a Kindle™.
To transfer a PDF to your Kindle™ via USB cable from your computer or Mac:

  • download the PDF directly onto your computer.
  • connect the USB cable to your computer’s USB port, and the micro USB end of the cable to your Kindle™. Note: the Kindle™ won’t be available as a reading device while it is connected to your computer until it has been disconnected.
  • open the Kindle™ drive and several folders will appear inside. The “Documents” folder is where you will need to copy or drag the PDF to.
  • safely eject your Kindle™ from your computer and unplug the USB cable. Your content will appear on the Home Screen.

Kindle also provides a Kindle Personal Documents Service that allows users to send documents as an attachment directly to your eReader. For more information on this service, visit http://www.amazon.com/gp/help/customer/display.html/ref=help_search_1-1?ie=UTF8&nodeId=200767340&qid=1395967989&sr=1-1
For more information on accessing a PDF on your Kindle™, visit www.amazon.com/manageyourkindle, log in to your account and click on Personal Document Settings.
Need more help? Visit https://www.amazon.com/gp/help/customer/display.html?nodeId=200375630

Android and PC

You can also download and open eBooks on Android devices and PCs with appropriate apps or software installed. Suitable eReader apps for Android include Google Play Books, FBReader and Moon+ Reader. Suitable software for PCs include Calibre and Adobe Digital Editions.