To confirm the diagnosis of bladder cancer you will need several tests. General tests to investigate abnormal symptoms may include a physical examination, and certain blood and urine tests.
As the bladder is close to the rectum and vagina, your doctor may do an internal examination by inserting a gloved finger into the rectum or the vagina to feel for anything unusual. This test may be embarrassing and uncomfortable, but it is painless and only takes a few minutes.
Some people will have an internal examination under anaesthesia, during the cystoscopy.
Blood test and urine test (urinalysis)
A blood sample will be taken regularly to check your general health. You will be asked to give a urine sample, which is sent to a laboratory and checked for blood, bacteria and any cancer cells. The urinalysis is usually done on three different days.
This information was last reviewed in March 2014
This information has been reviewed by: Dr Mohan Arianayagam, FRACS (Urol), Urologic Oncologist, Nepean Hospital, Penrith, NSW; Donna Clifford, Urology Nurse Practitioner Candidate, Royal Adelaide Hospital, SA and David Connah, Cancer Council Connect Consumer Volunteer.View our editoral policy